Introduction to Neonatal
1985 年 , 现由新生儿病房、新生儿重症监护室（ NICU ）、新生儿专科门诊及新生儿随访中心组成。 The neonatal department of our hospital was founded in 1985 and is now composed of a neonatal ward, a neonatal intensive care unit ( NICU ), a neonatal specialist clinic and a neonatal follow-up center. The neonatal department is the key department of our hospital, and the clinical teaching and research base of pediatrics of Anhui Medical University's School of Maternal and Child Health Care. 2010 年 1 月至 2012 年 12 月）医学重点学科建设中被列入特色专科。 In the third cycle of Hefei City ( January 2010 to December 2012), it was listed as a specialty specialty in key medical disciplines. 1000 m2 ，布局设计科学，随着我院产科的扩大和辅助生育技术的开展，以及新生儿学科的快速发展，现设置床位 40 张，其中新生儿重症监护病床 12 张，普通新生儿病床 28 张，病区分为 5 个部分，包括新生儿重症监护室、早产儿室、普通治疗观察室、蓝光治疗室、隔离室。 The neonatal ward is a completely closed and independent ward. The total area of this ward is 1000 m2 , and the layout design is scientific. With the expansion of the obstetric department of our hospital and the development of assisted reproductive technology, and the rapid development of the neonatal discipline, it is now set up There are 40 beds, including 12 neonatal intensive care beds and 28 ordinary neonatal beds . The disease is divided into 5 sections, including neonatal intensive care unit, premature infant room, general treatment observation room, blue light treatment room, isolation room. The neonatal department is a completely closed, unaccompanied area. The ward environment is spacious, bright, clean, and airy. It provides warm, considerate and patient services everywhere, creating a mimicry environment and gentle touch services. 39 人 , 包括 17 名医生和 23 名护士 , 其中正高级职称 3 人、中级职称 4 人、硕士研究生 4 人、主管护师 3 人、专科护士 2 人。 At present, there are 39 medical staff in the department , including 17 doctors and 23 nurses , including 3 senior professional titles , 4 intermediate professional titles, 4 postgraduates , 3 supervisors , and 2 specialized nurses . CPAP 呼吸机、微量输液泵、蓝光治疗仪、远红外线抢救台、床旁摄片机、空氧混合仪、血气分析仪、氧浓度测定仪、经皮胆红素测定仪等必备设施和先进仪器。 With central oxygen supply, central negative pressure suction, suspended tower, imported warm box, constant frequency ventilator, nasal plug CPAP ventilator, micro infusion pump, blue light therapy instrument, far-infrared rescue station, bedside camera, air oxygen mixture Instrument, blood gas analyzer, oxygen concentration analyzer, percutaneous bilirubin analyzer and other necessary facilities and advanced instruments. , 我们在早产儿、极低出生体重儿、新生儿窒息、新生儿肺炎、新生儿黄疸、新生儿缺氧缺血性脑病等救治方面有显著特色。 After years of work experience accumulation , we have significant features in the treatment of premature babies, very low birth weight babies, neonatal asphyxia, neonatal pneumonia, neonatal jaundice, neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. 3 年来新生儿科平均年住院病人数 1626 人次；平均病床使用率保持在 98% 以上。 In the past 3 years, the average annual number of inpatients in the neonatal department was 1626 ; the average bed utilization rate remained above 98% . 600 例，抢救成功率达 98.2% ；极低出生体重儿的存活率达 89.2% ，成功救治了低出生体重的四胞胎和多例三胞胎。 Every year, nearly 600 cases of critically ill children are rescued , and the success rate of rescue is 98.2% ; the survival rate of very low birth weight infants is 89.2% , and low birth weight quadruplets and multiple triplets have been successfully treated. CPAP 在呼吸系统疾病中应用 ; 胎粪吸引管在新生儿窒息复苏中应用；头颅 B 超对早产儿脑损伤早期诊断；常频机械通气的应用；空氧混合器在新生儿氧疗中的应用；高危新生儿发育支持护理、高危新生儿随访项目及早期诊治、外周静脉中心置管术（ PICC ）等。 In recent years, special technical projects carried out by the undergraduate department include: application of pulmonary surfactant; determination of neurobehavioral ability of newborns; peripheral arteriovenous simultaneous blood exchange; nutritional support for very low birth weight infants and critically ill infants; nasal congestion CPAP in breathing Application in systemic diseases ; Meconium suction tube in neonatal asphyxia resuscitation; Early diagnosis of brain injury in premature infants with skull B ultrasound; Application of constant frequency mechanical ventilation; Application of air-oxygen mixer in neonatal oxygen therapy; High-risk newborns Pediatric development support care, follow-up items and early diagnosis and treatment of high-risk newborns, peripheral venous central catheterization ( PICC ), etc.